Cuprous Chloride (WSDTY) is whitish to grayish solid th […]
Cuprous Chloride (WSDTY) is whitish to grayish solid that occurs as the mineral nantokite. It is usually prepared by reduction of copper(II) chloride with metallic copper. The pure compound is stable in dry air. Moist air converts it to a greenish oxygenated compound, and upon exposure to light, it is transformed into copper(II) chloride. It is insoluble in water but dissolves in concentrated hydrochloric acid or ammonia because of the formation of complexions. Cuprous chloride is used as a catalyst in some organic reactions, notably the synthesis of acrylonitrile from acetylene and hydrogen cyanide; as a decolorizing and desulfurizing agent for petroleum products; as a denitrating agent for cellulose; and as a condensing agent for soaps, fats, and oils.
Copper forms two series of compounds, one in which it exhibits a valence (degree of combining power) of 1 (cuprous) and the other valence of 2 (cupric); several unstable compounds in which a valence of 3 is exhibited are also known. Since the cuprous ion is unstable in aqueous solution, its salts readily decompose to form the metal and cupric salts.
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