Chemical elements (such as copper) are atoms composed […]
Chemical elements (such as copper) are atoms composed of stable nuclei and unstable electron clouds.
Although nuclear reactions are required to change the composition of the nucleus, atoms exchange electrons on a regular basis. These exchanges of electrons are called "redox", which is a combination of two terms that represents the effect of the matched group.
When copper oxidizes or loses electrons, it will produce itself an "oxide", the so-called cuprous oxide (Cu2O). In this form, redox bonds copper atoms to oxygen atoms, and the oxygen atoms are in a state of constantly exchanging electrons. This makes cuprous chloride unstable enough to destroy organisms on a microscopic level-the perfect army against disease-causing microorganisms.
Copper kills these bacteria through three main ways through cuprous chloride, and there are five total killing mechanisms at any time in contact with cells. Any of these five killing methods can destroy bacteria, but overlapping mechanisms can also prevent the development of resistance.