What Is the Metallic Ion in the Compound Basic Copper Chloride?


The compound Basic Copper Chloride (WSDTY) is also know […]

The compound Basic Copper Chloride (WSDTY) is also known as copper chloride. It contains the metallic copper ion and chloride, the chlorine ion. The copper ion has a positive charge of two, whereas the chlorine ion has a negative charge of one. Because the copper ion has a charge of positive two, copper chloride requires two chlorine ions in order to cancel out the net charge. Copper ions typically occur in two different states. The first ion has a charge of positive one and is called the cuprous ion. The second ion has a charge of positive two and is called the cupric ion. The cupric ion, present in copper chloride, is the more stable of the two ions. It tends to have a blue color when dissolved in water.

The reactions between copper and nitric acid are examples of oxidation-reduction reactions, where gaining electrons reduce one element and losing them oxidizes the other. Nitric acid is not only a strong acid, but it is an oxidizing agent. Therefore, it can oxidize copper to Cu+2. If you plan to experiment with these reactions, it is important to remember that they release toxic, noxious fumes.

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